2017 ACC/AHA/HRS Guideline for the Evaluation and Management of Patients With Syncope: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines, and the Heart Rhythm Society.
Shen WK, Sheldon RS, Benditt DG, Cohen MI, Forman DE, Goldberger ZD, Grubb BP, Hamdan MH, Krahn AD, Link MS, Olshansky B, Raj SR, Sandhu RK, Sorajja D, Sun BC, Yancy CW. Circulation. 2017 Mar 9. pii: CIR.0000000000000499. doi: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000499. [Epub ahead of print]
The American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines, and Heart Rhythm Society have provided guidelines for the evaluation and management of patients with syncope. These guidelines were developed in collaboration with the American College of Emergency Physicians and Society of Academic Emergency Medicine. An Executive Summary accompanies the main set of guidelines. The guidelines document covers general principles, evaluation and diagnosis, management of cardiovascular conditions, reflex conditions, orthostatic hypotension and intolerance, pseudosyncoope, uncommon conditions associated with syncope, and other topics. The document also provides recommendations for athletes.