Dynamic Balance as Measured by the Y-Balance Test Is Reduced in Individuals with Low Back Pain: A Cross-Sectional Comparative Study
Hooper, Troy L., C. Roger James, Jean-Michel Brismée, Toby J. Rogers, Kerry K. Gilbert, Kevin L. Browne, and Phillip S. Sizer. Physical Therapy in Sport. 2016 22:.29–34.
Take Home Message: Patients who suffer from current or previous symptoms of lower back pain demonstrated lower reach distances in the posterior directions of the Y-Balance Test compared to healthy individuals.
Many patients suffering from low back pain (LBP) have postural control deficits, and patients who suffer from one episode of LBP are also more likely to suffer recurrent episodes. However, little is known if there are postural control deficits in patients who are in remission from LBP. Therefore, Hooper et al evaluated 42 participants (separated into 3, 14 patient groups; 8 males and 6 females per group) to compare patients with current LBP, those with a history of LBP, and healthy controls to their performance on the Y-Balance Test to establish relationships between Y-Balance Test performance, demographic, behavior, and disability measures.