Risk factors for medial tibial stress syndrome in physically active individuals such as runners and military personnel: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Hamstra-Wright KI, Huxel Bliven KC, Bay C. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2014;0:1-9. Doi:10.1136/bjsports-2014-093462
Take Home Message: Risk of medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is associated with increased body mass index, navicular drop, ankle plantarflexion range of motion (ROM) and hip external rotation ROM.
Medial tibial stress syndrome, often referred to as “shin splints”, is a very common problem in active individuals. The exact cause of MTSS is unknown, but it is thought to be related to overuse of the extensor muscles in the front of the shin, which pulls on the tibia and ultimately causes pain. If we could identify the key risk factors for MTSS then we may be able to develop prevention programs. The authors of this systematic review evaluated which key factors put physically active individuals at risk for MTSS.