The Biological Basis of Sex Differences in Athletic Performance: Consensus Statement for the American College of Sports Medicine

Hunter SK, S Angadi S, Bhargava A, Harper J, Hirschberg AL, D Levine B, L Moreau K, J Nokoff N, Stachenfeld NS, Bermon S. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2023 Sep 29. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000003300. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37772882.

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The American College of Sports Medicine released a consensus statement on the biological basis of sex differences in athletic performance. The authors offer key definitions and describe historical perspectives, sex differences in athletic performance, biological mechanisms for sex differences in athletic performance, effect of sex hormones and various physiological systems, training and adaptations to exercise in males and females, and nonhormonal factors contributing to sex differences in athletic performance: Y and X chromosomes. The authors provided a summary table at the end of the document.

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