International Olympic Committee (IOC) consensus statement on acute respiratory illness in athletes part 1: acute respiratory infections
Schwellnus M, Adami PE, Bougault V, Budgett R, Clemm HH, Derman W, Erdener U, Fitch K, Hull JH, McIntosh C, Meyer T, Pedersen L, Pyne DB, Reier-Nilsen T, Schobersberger W, Schumacher YO, Sewry N, Soligard T, Valtonen M, Webborn N, Engebretsen L. Br J Sports Med. 2022 Jul 21:bjsports-2022-105759. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2022-105759. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35863871.
This consensus statement complements another statement released by the International Olympic Committee on non-infective acute respiratory illness. “The focus of this part 1 of the consensus was on all ARinf [acute respiratory infections] in athletes, but as new data on SARS-CoV-2 infection in athletes emerged from March 2020, several research findings that are generally applicable to ARinf [acute respiratory infections] were identified, and these are included in this part 1 consensus. The authors discuss several important topics related to acute respiratory infections: 1) terminology, definitions, and classifications, 2) related pathophysiology, 3) relevant epidemiology (e.g., incidence and risk factors), 4) clinical presentation and diagnosis, 5) management, 6) return to sport considerations, 7) effects on exercise and sports performance, and 8) prevention.