International Olympic Committee (IOC) consensus statement on acute respiratory illness in athletes part 2: non-infective acute respiratory illness
Schwellnus M, Adami PE, Bougault V, Budgett R, Clemm HH, Derman W, Erdener U, Fitch K, Hull JH, McIntosh C, Meyer T, Pedersen L, Pyne DB, Reier-Nilsen T, Schobersberger W, Schumacher YO, Sewry N, Soligard T, Valtonen M, Webborn N, Engebretsen L. Br J Sports Med. 2022 May 27:bjsports-2022-105567. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2022-105567. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35623888.
The International Olympic Committee released a consensus statement to offer sports and exercise medicine clinicians “an overview and practical clinical approach to acute non- infective respiratory illness in athletes”. This manuscript offers “a review of epidemiology, risk factors, pathology/ pathophysiology, clinical presentation and diagnosis, management, prevention, medical considerations, risks of illness during exercise, effects of illness on exercise/sports performance and return- to- sport (RTS) guidelines.” The document discusses nasal obstruction (structural/anatomical), allergic rhinitis/rhinosinusitis, non-allergic rhinitis/rhinosinusitis, exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction, lower airway dysfunction, and other conditions causing non-infective acute respiratory illness.