effective are F-MARC injury prevention programs for soccer players? A
systematic review and meta-analysis.
Pappas E, Sinclair PJ, and Sanders RH.
Sports Med. 2015. [Epub Ahead of Print].
Home Message: The FIFA 11+ is effective at reducing injuries in soccer players.
FIFA 11 and FIFA 11+ are aimed at reducing injuries during
sport. While F-MARC further developed the FIFA 11 program into the 11+ program,
there remains conflicting evidence on their effectiveness. Therefore, Al Attar
and colleagues completed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the
efficacy of the F-MARC injury prevention programs (FIFA 11 and FIFA 11+
programs) among soccer players. Researchers completed a comprehensive
literature search, which identified 4299 potential articles. They included articles
if the studies were 1) randomized controlled trials or cohort studies, 2)
included only soccer players, and 3) used an F-MARC injury prevention program. Articles
were then screened by 2 reviewers who extracted data from 9 studies. Articles
quality was assessed on a 12 points scale with > 8 points (60% or greater)
considered high quality. Injuries were defined as an event that causes a player
to not be able to completely participate in a match or training. Overall, 6 studies
were cluster-randomized controlled trials, 2 cohort studies and 1 randomized
controlled trials. Five of the 9 included studies were rated as high quality. The
length of implementation of injury prevention programs ranged from 12 weeks to
1 year. A total of 1753 injuries were recorded. Athletes receiving an injury
prevention program were 23% less likely to have an injury than athletes who did
not. More specifically, the authors found the FIFA 11+ program effective (35%
reduced risk of injury) while the FIFA 11 program was not (8% reduced risk of injury).
The programs may be more effective among male than female soccer players (~30%
versus ~22% reduced risk of injury).
systematic review and meta-analysis supports the FIFA 11+ injury prevention
program as effective at reducing injuries amongst soccer athletes. This is of
interest to clinicians as the FIFA 11+ is easily implemented and is effective.
While this is encouraging we should be cautious about these results because the
authors combined studies that are very different. For example, the control warm-ups
varied (8 used warm-up programs, 1 used traditional dynamic warm-up), age varied
(8 studies included youth players, 1 study included veteran players), 3 studies
were not randomized trials, and compliance ranged from 52 to 100% (one studies
did not report compliance data). This makes true comparison difficult. We
should also keep in mind that these results only apply soccer athletes. Despite
these limitations, clinicians should consider implementing an injury prevention
program, like the FIFA 11+, among soccer athletes.
have you implemented in your current practice? Have you tried the FIFA 11+ program?
Al Attar, W., Soomro, N., Pappas, E., Sinclair, P., & Sanders, R. (2015). How Effective are F-MARC Injury Prevention Programs for Soccer Players? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Sports Medicine DOI: 10.1007/s40279-015-0404-x