2017 ACC/AHA/HRS Guideline for the Evaluation and
Management of Patients With Syncope: A Report of the American College of
Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice
Guidelines, and the Heart Rhythm Society.
Shen WK, Sheldon RS, Benditt DG, Cohen
MI, Forman DE, Goldberger ZD, Grubb BP, Hamdan MH, Krahn AD, Link MS, Olshansky
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pii: CIR.0000000000000499. doi: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000499. [Epub ahead of
The American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association Task
Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines, and Heart Rhythm Society have provided
guidelines for the evaluation and management of patients with syncope. These
guidelines were developed in collaboration with the American College of Emergency
Physicians and Society of Academic Emergency Medicine. An Executive Summary accompanies
the main set of guidelines. The guidelines document covers general principles,
evaluation and diagnosis, management of cardiovascular conditions, reflex
conditions, orthostatic hypotension and intolerance, pseudosyncoope, uncommon
conditions associated with syncope, and other topics. The document also
provides recommendations for