Recommendations for participation in competitive sport in adolescent and adult athletes with Congenital Heart Disease (CHD): position statement of the Sports Cardiology & Exercise Section of the European Association of Preventive Cardiology (EAPC), the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Working Group on Adult Congenital Heart Disease and the Sports Cardiology, Physical Activity and Prevention Working Group of the Association for European Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology (AEPC).
Budts W, Pieles GE, Roos-Hesselink JW, Sanz de la Garza M, D’Ascenzi F, Giannakoulas G, Müller J, Oberhoffer R, Ehringer-Schetitska D, Herceg-Cavrak V, Gabriel H, Corrado D, van Buuren F, Niebauer J, Börjesson M, Caselli S, Fritsch P, Pelliccia A, Heidbuchel H, Sharma S, Stuart AG, Papadakis M. Eur Heart J. 2020 Aug 26:ehaa501. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehaa501. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32845299.
The recommendations provide a comprehensive assessment algorithm (e.g., history, physical exam, ventricular structure and function), which allows for patient-specific assessment and risk stratification of athletes with congenital heart disease who are over 16 years of age and want to participate in competitive sports.