International Society of Sports Nutrition Position Stand: Energy Drinks and Energy Shots
Jagim AR, Harty PS, Tinsley GM, Kerksick CM, Gonzalez AM, Kreider RB, Arent SM, Jager R, Smith-Ryan AE, Stout JR, Campbell BI, VanDusseldorp T, Antonio J. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2023 Dec;20(1):2171314. doi: 10.1080/15502783.2023.2171314. PMID: 36862943; PMCID: PMC9987737.
The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) released a position stand on the effects of energy drink or energy shot “consumption on acute exercise performance, metabolism, and cognition, along with synergistic exercise-related performance outcomes and training adaptations.” The authors offered a review of key ingredients, acute exercise performance, force and power production, muscular endurance, anaerobic capacity, aerobic exercise, metabolic effects/fuel utilization, cognitive effects, reaction time, subjective effects, sport-specific performance, sex differences, continued use and long-term adaptations, and safety considerations. The authors also provided 9 tables to summarize the literature. They end the document with a list of 13 conclusions.