and Disqualification Recommendations for Competitive Athletes With
Cardiovascular Abnormalities: Task Force 1: Classification of Sports: Dynamic,
Static, and Impact: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association
and American College of Cardiology
Benjamin D. Levine, Aaron L. Baggish,
Richard J. Kovacs, Mark S. Link, Martin S. Maron, Jere H. Mitchell, and on
behalf of the American Heart Association Electrocardiography and Arrhythmias
Committee of the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Cardiovascular
Disease in the Young, Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing, Council on
Functional Genomics and Translational Biology, and the American College of
Circulation. 2015; published online
before print November 2 2015, doi:10.1161/CIR.0000000000000237
The American Heart Association and
American College of Cardiology have released a series of scientific statements
regarding eligibility and disqualification recommendation for competitive
athletes with cardiovascular abnormalities. This is the 2nd document
of 15 scientific statements. This one discusses classifications of sports “based
on the well-described hemodynamics of each different types exercise (static
versus dynamic), as well as the apparent cardiac adaptation of athletes who
compete in these sports, which reflect the chronic load on the cardiovascular