Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use in Sports, Health, and Society
Bhasin S, Hatfield DL, Hoffman JR, Kraemer WJ, Labotz M, Phillips SM, Ratamess NA. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2021 Aug 1;53(8):1778-1794. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000002670. PMID: 34261998.
“This consensus statement is an update of the 1987 American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) position stand on the use of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS)… This consensus statement provides a brief history of AAS use, an update on the science of how we now understand AAS to be working metabolically/biochemically, potential side effects, the prevalence of use among athletes, and the use of AAS in clinical scenarios.”