International Olympic Committee consensus statement on youth athletic development
Bergeron MF, Mountjoy M, Armstrong N, Chia M, Côté J, Emery CA, Faigenbaum A, Hall Jr G, Kriemler S, Léglise M, Malina RM, Pensgaard AM, Sanchez A, Soligard T, Sundgot-Borgen J, van Mechelen W, Weissensteiner JR, Engebretsen L. Br J Sports Med 2015;49:843-851.
The International Olympic Committee has released a consensus statement on youth athletic development. The IOC asked an expert panel to “highlight key considerations and challenges in competitive youth sport, and critically evaluate the current state of science and practice of youth athlete development” and to “create guidelines for a sustainable model to develop healthy, resilient and capable youth athletes, while providing opportunities for all levels of sport participation and success.” The document covers assessments of biological maturity status and timing, physiological and performance changes across maturation, as well as the challenges to health, well-being and performance (specialization, injury, other health concerns, prevention strategies, psychological overload from excessive demands/expectations, nutrition, eating disorders, environmental challenges). There is also a section devoted to youth athletic development. The document concludes with a list of the IOC recommendations and a call to action.